The South Beach Hydrodome was THE place to be seen. Tearooms, beach and swimming baths; a dedicated tram service to take you there…even shark netting to keep uninvited guests out.
Opened in 1923, the Hydrodome was definitely a feature of Fremantle life in the 1920s, so setting my historical fiction series there meant I had to include it. How could Maria live in Fremantle and NOT visit South Beach? According to ads at the time, there were no sad sea waves, flies or sharks. Not that she minded sharks…
South Beach was a preferred swimming and recreation spot from the beginning of the twentieth century. A tramline was constructed from Fremantle to South Beach, which opened in 1905.
South Beach was officially declared “open” for public recreation by the Governor Sir Gerald Strickland on 15 November 1909 and gazetted as a reserve for public recreation in January 1910. Over 35,000 people attended the opening ceremonies – possibly most of Perth and Fremantle’s population at the time.
The Fremantle Municipal Council erected a jetty at South Beach in 1916 with assistance from officers of the Public Works Department, but at the end of World War I, more ambitious plans were in progress – for a building with dressing-sheds on the ground floor and a tearoom and halls upstairs. The Council advertised for designs and the winning design was developed by Mr A E Atkinson of Inglewood. The cost for construction? A cool £3000.
When it was opened in 1923, the Hydrodome wasn’t yet complete – but it was open in more ways than one.
Place of Pleasure
Once complete, Hydrodome hall played host to big jazz bands and dances.
The swimming baths were constructed to include a jetty…
…and shark netting, though the first set of shark netting was carried away in a storm.
Jetties and proper swimming baths were constructed by 1929, so by the time Tony and Maria travelled there for their evening’s entertainment, it was a far cry from the basic facilities that would have existed when she arrived in 1923.
Down With the Dome
Nothing lasts forever – not even the Hydrodome. A severe storm in the 1950s damaged the upper level of the Hydrodome so badly that the whole structure was demolished soon after.
Ocean swimming baths gave way to aquatic centres and the only beach in Perth that’s likely to see 35,000 people in a day now is Cottesloe Beach to the north.
Yes, I did go to great lengths to research my Turbulence and Triumph series – but that’s the point of historical fiction and historical romance. Getting the details right so the story flows effortlessly.